Maloti Minnow in the

Lesotho Highlands

Collaboration with the LHDA

The Lesotho Highlands Development Authority (LHDA) and Advance Africa embarked on a series of surveys from 2017 – 2019. The most recent surveys (2017-2019) confirmed that the native Mohale ESU populations were in trouble and one of the four translocated Mohale ESU populations had disappeared.

Moreover, the Eastern ESU populations in certain rivers appeared to be on the decline. A key recommendation from these surveys was the development of a new and revised conservation action plan (CAP) for the Maloti minnow in the Lesotho Highlands.

This CAP was formulated using the best available scientific information and a participatory process involving Advance Africa (Prof Hecht and Jim McCafferty), external experts and key stakeholders including the LHDA and the Lesotho Highlands Water Commission (LHWC). The CAP is the culmination of a number of years of research with the overall aim of articulating a clear, logical and measurable set of objectives, targets and actions required to ensure the survival and conservation of the Maloti minnow in the Lesotho Highlands, and the habitats and catchments in which it occurs. The implementation of the CAP will commence in 2020 and be reviewed in 2025. There are very few species-specific conservation plans for fishes in Africa, and the CAP therefore represents something quite special and demonstrates the LHDA and Advance Africa’s commitment to the conservation of Lesotho’s biodiversity heritage.


The Maloti Minnow is the only

endemic vertebrate in Lesotho